The popularity of indoor and outdoor sporting activities means there is a growing demand for quality hybrid clothing combining innovation and aesthetics. The many different types of activity mean that some of the technical performances required are very specific. Extreme sports need enhanced external protection in order to cope with bad weather or extreme heat, or to ensure visibility at night. Water sports require clothing that can cope with immersion, and have increased resistance to chlorine or salt. Easy care and lightweight fabrics are useful when producing active sportswear and athleisure garments. Boasting many qualities invisible to the naked eye, we wanted to produce a guide to the special features of Sport & Tech products. Drawn up by Première Vision’s experts, the performance codes provide guidance and highlight the technical qualities of these products, ensuring more targeted sourcing when building your collections.
Read on to see a selection of technical fabrics illustrating the performance codes developed by Première Vision.
Textile products where the fibres and the dyes offer increased resistance to ultra-violet rays. These are particularly suitable for activities resulting in prolonged exposure to sunshine, such as active water sports – surfing, paddleboard, longboard – but also extreme mountain sports.
Fibres or treatments to block the growth of bacteria. Particular mention can be made of the 37.5® fibre from Cocona or AMB TM from Aditya Birla Yarns. There is also a natural, linen-based fibre from Safilin.
Materials and processes mainly based on polyurethane. Resistant to prolonged exposure to chlorine products, these are particularly useful for designing items such as swimsuits, wetsuits and swimming caps for wear in swimming pools.
A fabric to protect the body from external weather conditions. It is usually covered with a membrane that offers optimised protection against adverse weather; a property needed for Outdoor items.
A property whereby feathers or down are trapped inside a fabric. To achieve this property, either a treatment is applied or a process is used when constructing the fabric. This has become an essential property for outerwear designed for snow sports, such as puffer jackets.
An assembly of supple materials and textiles to combine qualities and functionalities. Each layer can offer different degrees of heat retention, or can be breathable-waterproof, insulating, repellent, and more.
The system generally consists of three layers bonded together; they may be of synthetic or natural origin: a base layer, an intermediate layer and an outer layer.
A treatment or construction allowing liquid to run off a surface and provide dirt resistance. The fabric is treated with a finish applied to the surface that stops water from penetrating. This finish hardens to form a protection that allows water to run off a fabric.
Fabric providing waterproofing to the exterior surface of the garment. This can be a synthetic fabric, often made from polyester, or a natural, cotton fibre bonded to a film or a polyurethane membrane. Another technique: the fabric can be coated in polyurethane.
A fabric providing water protection while also wicking moisture away from the body to a garment’s exterior. The procedure consists of adding a polyurethane membrane to the middle of the fabric by stratification. The outer layer is then given a repellent treatment to allow perspiration to escape.
A fabric able to wick moisture from the body to the exterior of a garment. This is a very widely-used property. It is recommended for active sports that generate perspiration, such as running t-shirts or athleisure outfits. It can also increase comfort in garments for indoor sports such as yoga wear, and can be used in the construction of outerwear for intensive Outdoor activities.
Property that consists of blocking wind penetration, through a weave, impregnation or membrane specifically for that purpose. This is one of the key properties in garments and particularly outerwear designed for outdoor activities such as running.
Material made from so-called high-resistance fibres. These include synthetic aramid-type fibres such as Kevlar© or Cordura©, which make fabrics tear and/or abrasion resistant, as well as resistant to high temperatures.
Property of a product allowing it to reflect light: fluorescent, phosphorescent or retro-reflexive. In addition to plain versions, reflecting fabrics now offer a wide variety of designs, combining laminated or printed effects.
The property of a product that allows it to dry quickly, thanks to its composition or treatment. This is a product with the capacity to absorb perspiration and which offers a feeling of freshness as it does not stick to the skin and become uncomfortable. It can have many uses, from running, to gentle activities to water sports.
Material that is exceptionally lightweight in terms of its structure or construction. Particularly appreciated in functional accessories such as zips, buttons, clasps, they are generally made from metal alloys or the use of polymers.
Property of a product making it easy to launder or care for at home. Thanks to a protective finish, often made from nanoparticles, the fabric becomes water-repellent, oil-resistant or dirt-resistant.
Find all our articles on the Performance Codes for leather and soon for eco-responsibility developed by Première Vision.